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Children are eligible for flu virus and COVID-19 booster vaccines – here’s what you need to know

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A child being vaccinated.

Getting vaccinated against the flu virus and COVID-19 offers the best protection.

Not only does it protect us as individuals but also those around us and limits the disruption to pupils’ education.

Here’s what you need to know about the flu virus and COVID-19 autumn booster vaccines and how to get them for your children.

Who can get a flu virus vaccine?

The nasal spray flu vaccine is free on the NHS for:

  • children aged 2 or 3 years on 31 August 2022 (born between 1 September 2018 and 31 August 2020)
  • all primary school children (Reception to Year 6)
  • children aged 2 to 17 years with long-term health conditions

Who can get a COVID-19 autumn booster vaccine?

The COVID-19 autumn booster programme started in early September. It is available for children:

  • aged 5 and over and at high risk due to a health condition
  • aged 5 an over and at high risk because of a weakened immune system
  • aged 5 and over and live with someone who has a weakened immune system
  • aged 16 and over and a carer, either paid or unpaid.

Children can have their seasonal booster if it’s been at least three months since their previous dose.

Why should children be vaccinated against the flu virus and COVID-19?

Flu and COVID-19 can both be life-threatening and spread more easily when mixing indoors during winter.

Being vaccinated against seasonal flu virus and COVID-19 is the best way for your children to build up immunity, helps reduce the chance of infection and offers good protection against serious illness. It also helps minimise the disruption to your child’s education.

They are also the most effective way to prevent infectious diseases.

How are the vaccines administered?


The flu virus vaccine is a nasal spray. The vaccine is given as a spray squirted up each nostril. It's quick and painless. The vaccine will still work even if your child gets a runny nose, sneezes or blows their nose.

The flu virus vaccines are given in the autumn ideally before flu starts circulating.

The nasal spray vaccine offers the best protection for children aged 2 to 17 years. They'll be offered a flu vaccine injection if the nasal spray vaccine is not suitable for them. Injected flu vaccines are also safe and effective.


The COVID-19 vaccine is an injection. Children will be given a Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine for their COVID-19 vaccination.

Children aged 5 to 11 (or 12 if they are in school Year 7) will be given smaller doses than older children and adults.

How children can get the flu vaccine

All primary school aged children will be offered a free flu vaccine at school or a community clinic. Look out for your child’s consent form in their book bags, sign it and return it.

Below is an NHS table showing a child's age and where the flu vaccine is available.

Child's age Where to have the flu vaccine
From 6 months until 2 years
(with a long-term condition)
GP surgery
From 2 years until child
starts primary school
GP surgery
All children at primary school School
Some secondary school aged children in eligible groups School
Children in eligible school groups
(with a long-term health condition)
School or GP surgery
Children who are home-schooled or not in mainstream education
(same ages as those offered in eligible groups at schools)
Community clinic

How children can get the COVID-19 vaccine

Parents and guardians will be invited to make an appointment for their child to be vaccinated.

For children you can:

And what about adults?

The UKHSA flu vaccination programme page contains the latest guidance leaflet regarding the flu vaccine and who should have it. You can visit it here: Flu vaccination: who should have it this winter and why - GOV.UK (

For COVID-19 please visit: A guide to the COVID-19 autumn booster - GOV.UK (

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